- includes those who are sharing housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason. 42 U.S.C. § 11434a(2)(A)&(B)(i). Couch-surfing is a common term-of-art among the homeless youth community and means that a young person finds temporary shelter with friends, acquaintances, or, less often, family members, but lack a permanent or stable home. Couch-surfing is a common “doubled-up” experience for homeless youth.
- sometimes referred to as “opportunity youth,” are defined as people between the ages of 16 and 24 who are neither in school nor working.
- is a homeless experience is when a youth (or any person or family) has no legal right to stay where they are staying, and if the property owner/tenant demands that the youth leave, that youth would have no legal recourse to stay. “Doubled-up youth” includes, but is not limited to, those youth couch-surfing or sleeping in sheds, garages, attics, or basements, etc.
- commonly referred to as “aging-out” is when young people have left the foster care system (between 18 to 21 depending on the state) and are not longer under the care of the legal or formal care of the foster care system.
- The definition of homeless youth varies; however, for the purposes of NN4Y we often use this hybrid definition: a “homeless youth” is an individual who is 12-24 years of age, who is living on their own, without a parent or guardian, and is without a safe, stable living arrangement. 42 U.S.C. § 11434a; 42 U.S.C. § 5601
- A minor-aged youth who leaves home without permission and stays away overnight.
- an individual who is a runaway youth, or indefinitely or intermittently a homeless youth; and spends a significant amount of time on the street or in other areas that increase the risk to such youth for sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, prostitution, or drug abuse. 42 U.S.C. § 5732a(6).
- is one that meets either of the following criteria:
• A child is asked or told to leave home by a parent or other household adult, no adequate alternative care is arranged for the child by a household adult, and the child is out of the household overnight.
• A child who is away from home is prevented from returning home by a parent or other household adult, no adequate alternative care is arranged for the child by a household adult, and the child is out of the household overnight.
- are older youth or young adults, 18- to 24-year-olds
Transition-aged Youth or TAY
- places not meant for human habitation, such as the streets, abandoned buildings, vehicles, or parks.